On 15 April, 1469, the legend was born in the village of Talwandi, near Lahore, today’s Pakistan. Today, the world is celebrating his Prakash Utsav but only few follow what he actually said. Great Guru Nanak must be considered as the brave and intelligent saint with modern thinking.
We know, Castism and Superstition have always hurt India a lot as we have wasted lot of time and energy on it. Many foreign invaders have successfully invaded India because we have always been divided for having so many castes.
But, Great Nanak decided to fight against these odds of India and traveled thousands of kilometers with his disciple Mardana to spread a message of unity. Guru Nanak always opposed the blind-faith of people since he knew that this superstition would never let people develop.
Fought Against Superstition and Castism
Great Nanak always spread the message of love and unity. In 1499, although married and having a family, Nanak set out on a set of spiritual journeys through India, Tibet and Arabia that lasted nearly 30 years. He studied and debated with the learned men he met along the way. He urged people not to believe in caste and superstition. The brave son of God even confronted many cruel emperors of that time and told them to follow the path of humanity.
Once, Guru Nanak stopped at Haridwar during his journey, he found a large gathering of devotees. They were taking ritual baths in the holy river and offering water to the sun. When the Guru asked “Why do you throw water like that?” The pilgrims replied that they were offering it to their ancestors. Guru Nanak, on hearing this started throwing water in the opposite direction towards the west. When the pilgrims asked him what he was doing?. Guru Nanak replied “I am sending water to my farm which is dry”. They asked, “How will water reach your crops so far away?”. Guru Nanak replied, “If your water can reach your ancestors in the region of the sun, why can’t mine reach my fields a short distance away?” The pilgrims realized their folly and fell at the Gurus feet.
At Mecca, Guru Nanak was found sleeping with his feet towards the Kaaba mosque Kazi Rukan-ud-din, who observed this, angrily objected. Guru Nanak replied that it is not possible to turn his feet in a direction that did not have God or a house of God. The Kazi understood that the meaning of what the Guru was saying was “God is everywhere”. The Kazi was struck with wonder.
Guru Nanak always confronted the land-lords of societies, who always used to teach people ‘Superstition’ and ‘Castism’. He said, “God is one and according to him, his all sons are equal. There is no magic in the World which can help anyone meet God. God can only be met with good deeds not with blind faith and “Tantra-Mantra”.
There are many more examples of real incidents in which Guru Nanak proved swindlers of our society wrong, who have cheated innocent Indians on the name of God and superstition.
Guru Nanak also sought to improve the respect of women by spreading this message: “From woman, man is born; within woman, man is conceived; to woman he is engaged and married. Woman becomes his friend; through woman, the future generations come. When his woman dies, he seeks another woman; to woman he is bound. So why call her bad? From her, kings are born. From woman, woman is born; without woman, there would be no one at all. O Nanak, only the True Lord is without a woman.” In so doing, he promoted women’s rights and equality — a first for the 15th century!
Confrontation with Mughal Emperor Babar
Once, Guru Nanak and Mardana were both taken prisoner by the Mughal’s. While in jail Guru Nanak sang a divine hymn about the senseless slaughter of the innocents by the Mughal invaders. Upon hearing it the jailer reported it to his king. Babar sent for the Guru and upon hearing him realized that Guru Nanak was a great religious figure. He asked for the Gurus forgiveness and set him free offering him a pouch of hashish. Guru Nanak refused saying the he was already intoxicated with the love and name of God.
Present Indian Society
Although India has given birth to great intellectuals like Chanakya, Guru Nanak and many more still we have been the slaves of evils like ‘Castism’ and ‘Superstition’. The Great Guru Nanak fought his entire life against these evils still Indians are addicted to it and like to remain divided. The Great Chanakya also formed ‘Akhand Bharat’ but Indians couldn’t maintain it after his death.