Jun 182011

There are many perceptions about Delhi’s name that how this wonderful city got its name. Here, I’ve got a best possible reason about this fact.

Some Historical Facts About Delhi’s Name
The etymology of “Delhi” is uncertain, but many possibilities exist. The most common view is that its eponym is Dhillu or Dilu, a king of the Mauryan dynasty, who built the city in 50 BC and named it after himself. The Hindi/Prakrit word dhili (“loose”) was used by the Tuar Rajputs to refer to the city because the Iron Pillar built by Raja Dhava had a weak foundation and was replaced. The coins in circulation in the region under the Rajputs were called dehliwal. Some other historians believe that the name is derived from Dilli, a corruption of dehleez or dehali—Hindi for ‘threshold’—and symbolic of city as a gateway to the Gangetic Plain. Another theory suggests that the city’s original name was Dhillika.

Source: http://wikipedia.org/

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  4 Responses to “How Delhi Got its Name ?”

  1. 1266-1287. He was the last powerful ruler of Slave dynasty. He was also a slave who was bought by Iltutmish. He ruled over Delhi at the age of 60. After him there came no powerful ruler and the dynasty was ended by Khiljis.

    Delhi under Khilji Dynasty

    Khilji Dynasty was founded by Jalal ud din Firuz Khilji. He ruled from 1290-1296. He was killed by his nephew Ala-ud-din-Khilji.

    Ali Gurshap or Ala-ud-din-Khilji followed him as the ruler of Delhi and was the famous ruler of this dynasty. He captured many states, kingdom and region around Delhi. His south expedition was led by Malik Kafur who successfully captured many areas. He built the Siri city and Fort of Delhi. He died in 1316. His successors were weak and dynasty ended.

    Delhi under Tughlaq Dynasty

    Tughlaq Dynasty followed them and ruled over Delhi from 1320 to 1414.

    Ghiyas-ud-din-Tughluq formed this dynasty and ruled from 1321-1325. He built the city Tughlaqabad near Delhi. He was old and couldn’t rule long.

    Muhammad bin Tughluq was his son and he ruled from 1325-1351. He was very intelligent and had knowledge in philosophy, mathematics, astronomy and physical sciences.

    But he became infamous for his foolish decisions and policies. He died in 1351 and at that time Tughlaq Empire had fallen.

    He was followed by Firoz Shah Tughluq, who ruled over Delhi from 1351-1388. He tried hard to keep the kingdom under him. He also built the nearby city Ferozabad. After him all successors were weak and thus ended the Tughlaq Empire.

    In between Timur devastated, plundered and looted Delhi and left the people exhausted.

    Delhi under Sayyid Dynasty

    After the chaos created by the attacks of Timur, Sayyid Dynasty (1414-1451) rose to the power in Delhi.

    It was established by Khizr Khan. He ruled over Delhi as the vassal of Timurids. Khizr Khan ruled from 1414 – 1421 and was followed by Mubarak Shah (1421 – 1434), Muhammad Shah (1434 – 1445) and at the end by Alam Shah (1445 – 1451).

    Alam Shah voluntary gave up his kingdom to Lodi emperor and ended the Sayyid rule over Delhi.

    Delhi under Lodi Dynasty

    Lodi Dynasty (1451-1526) was the last dynasty to rule over Delhi. It was founded by Bahlul Lodi who took the empire from Alam Shah. He ruled from 1451 to 1489.

    Sikander Lodi followed him and ruled from 1489 to 1517. He made many constructions in Agra.

    Ibrahim Lodi (1517 – 1526) the last emperor of Lodi dynasty was defeated by Babar in First Battle of Panipat in 1526 and thus formed the foothold for Mughals in India.

    Delhi under the Mughal Empire

    Delhi then came under Mughal Empire from 1526-1857. It was established by Babar who ruled over Delhi from 1526 – 1530. He was the descendant of Timur.

    He was followed by his eldest son Humayun who first ruled from 1530-1540 and then from 1555-1556. He was defeated by Sher Shah Suri but when he died 15 years later, Humayun reconquered and spread his empire. Humayun renamed Delhi as Dinpanah and Sher Shah Suri named it Shergarh. Humayun also built some buildings during his reign.

    Sher Shah Suri ruled over Delhi from 1540 – 1545 before his accidental death.

    He was followed by Akbar the great. HE truly established Mughal Empire in India by defeating all the rebels and conquering a large part of India. He ruled from 1556 – 1605. He made truce with Rajputs and married Jodha Bai. He made Delhi beautiful and ruled from here.

    He was followed by his son Jahangir who ruled from 1605 – 1627. He took over Delhi after Akbar death at the age of 36 and ruled for 22 years. He was married to Nur Jahan.

    Shah Jahan followed him. His rule from 1627- 1658 is considered as Golden Period of Mughal Empire. He built many buildings, monuments and gardens throughout India. In Delhi he built Red Fort, Jama Masjid and many other historical monuments of Delhi that are still present.

    Aurangzeb captures Shah Jahan and declared himself the emperor of India. He ruled from 1658 – 1707. During his reign he made rivalry with Marathas, Sikhs and Rajputs because of his strict Muslim favoring policies.

    After Aurangzeb many Mughal rulers came to the throne of Delhi. Marathas too ruled over Delhi for a very brief period of time.

    Bhadhur Shah Jafar was the last Mughal emperor who was removed by British and sent to exile in Burma in 1857.

    Thus the 300-year-old Mughal Empire came to an end and Delhi was transferred in the hands of British who ruled from Delhi over India from 1911 – 1947.

    Delhi under British

    Though British ruled over India from 1857 – 1947, there capital was Calcutta and not Delhi. It was only in 1911 that British shifted the capital from Calcutta to Delhi. They ruled from Delhi for more than thirty years till the independence of India in 1947. During British time the face of modern Delhji emerged and the person behind it was Edwin Lutyens.

    Modern day Delhi (New Delhi)

    Delhi was officially made capital of India during the independence in 1949. In 1956 Delhi was converted into Union Territory.

    This was the brief ancient history of New Delhi and short history of Delhi and it’s culture, how all these kingdoms affected Delhi can still be felt through various monuments like Qutub Minar, Red Fort, Jama Masjid, Tughlaqabad, Firozabad, etc.

    Their cuisine, clothes and rituals are still very much live in modern New Delhi an thus makes the history of Delhi very rich.


  2. Very Good for Easy Way Collection
    Regards ,
    Jomy Jose.

  3. i feel that it is not clearly mentioned the exact reason or answer

  4. from my opinion this anwer is sufficient for my project but it can not be clearly understood …… I am also not able to copypaste it.

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