India has been a land of cultural kaleidoscope and stands as a biggest example of unity in diversity. One can find mixture of culture, religion, divinity, valor, royalty and much more on the land of India.
The country which speaks of the chivalry of the royal kings has also got serenity in the places like Golden Temple, Haridwar and much more.
While the country is host to one of the beautiful architectural structures and many greatest battles fought on its land, it has also been a witness to the eternal love like that of Shah Jahan who built Taj Mahal for his wife.
Almost each city in the country has something unique of its kind, depicting its own story, which becomes a major landmark of the city.
Here we present you a list of 5 famous landmarks of India:
Known as one of the best known structures in the world, Taj Mahal was built by the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan in memory of his wife Mumtaz Mahal after her death.
Built in white marble, the Taj Mahal took twenty two years for its construction from 1632 to 1653.
While the architecture of Taj Mahal depicts a combination of Indian, Persian and Islamic styles of architecture, it took around 22,000 people to build this remarkable building.
With the construction cost of around 32 million rupees at that time, Taj Mahal was constructed using the best quality marble from Rajasthan, Tibet, Afghanistan and China.
The Golden Temple which is popularly known as Harmandir Sahib or Darbar Sahib among its devotees is the holiest shrine of Sikhism. Harmandir Sahib, situated in Amritsar, Punjab, was built by the fifth guru of Sikhs, Guru Arjan Dev Ji in 16th century.
It is situated in the middle of a lake or temple tank known as ‘sarovar’. After the completion of Adi Granth (holy scripture), on 1st September, 1604, it was placed in the Gurudwara by Guru Arjan Dev Ji.
In 19th century, Maharaja Ranjit Singh covered the Gurudwara with gold, which gives it a distinctive look and its English name, the Golden Temple.
Situated astride the Rajpath, the India Gate is a war memorial originally called as the All India War Memorial.
Built in 1921, the All-India War Memorial is a memorial to 82,000 soldiers of the undivided Indian Army who died in the period 1914–21 in First World War, in France, Flanders, Mesopotamia, Persia, East Africa, Gallipoli.
The contribution of 13218 war dead soldiers have been acknowledged by inscribing their name on the India Gate, although access to read the names on the memorial is restricted due to security reasons.
Designed by Edwin Lutyens, India Gate has a span of 30 feet and is called a “creative reworking of the Arc de Triomphe”.
The memorial has the word “INDIA” inscribed on it on both the sides flanked by the dates MCMXIV (1914) and MCMXIX (1919) on left and right sides respectively.
The memorial also has the following words inscribed on it in capital letters:
“TO THE DEAD OF THE INDIAN ARMIES WHO FELL HONOURED IN FRANCE AND FLANDERS MESOPOTAMIA AND PERSIA EAST AFRICA GALLIPOLI AND ELSEWHERE IN THE NEAR AND THE FAR-EAST AND IN SACRED MEMORY ALSO OF THOSE WHOSE NAMES ARE RECORDED AND WHO FELL IN INDIA OR THE NORTH-WEST FRONTIER AND DURING THE THIRD AFGHAN WAR”
The Palace of Mysore, a historical palace in city of Mysore in Karnataka, is the residence of the Wodeyars — the Maharajas of Mysore, who ruled the state from 1399 to 1950.
Also known as the Amba Vilas Palace has a mesmerizing and gigantic array of courtyards, gardens, and buildings.
One of the most famous tourist attractions in India, The Palace of Mysore was built by Her Royal Majesty Maharani Vani Vilas Sannidhna, and her son, the Maharaja of Mysore His Highness Rajarshi Sri Sir Krishnaraja Wodeyar IV.
While its construction began in 1897, it was completed during the reign of His Highness Maharaja Sri Sir Jayachamarajendra Wadiyar, the last Maharaja of Mysore Kingdom, in 1912.
The architecture was drafted by the British architect Lord Henry Irwin.
The Maharajas of Mysore were devotees of Goddess Chamundi, which is why the place faces Chamundi Hills.
Located in Madhya Pradesh, Gwalior Fort was built by Rana Man Singh Tomar.
Built in 8ht century, the Gwalior Fort consists of a defensive structure and two main palaces, Gurjari Mahal and Man Mandir.
Gujari Mahal, which was built for Queen Mrignayani, is now turned into a museum.
The splendid fort of Gwalior also depicts the amazing ancient Indian architecture. The artwork can be seen in its pillars and walls.
Known as one of the biggest forts in India, the Gwalior Fort also has a postal stamp, with its photo on it, issued by Indian postal service because of the enthralling appearance of this majestic monument.